AKC Dog Breeds: Pomeranian

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Toy Group
Height:7-12 inches  Weight: 3-7 pounds  Color: All patterns and colors are acceptable

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality. This compact little dog is an active toy breed with an alert character and fox-like expression. Today, the Pomeranian is a popular companion dog and competitive show dog. The Pomeranian is a descendant of the ancient Spitz breeds of the far north. These original Spitz family dogs were the sled dogs from Iceland and Lapland. These breeds were brought to Europe from the Prussian region of Pomerania (an area that's part of Germany and Poland today) and used to herd sheep. These original dogs weighed as much as 30 pounds. In the 1800's Queen Victoria established a kennel for breeding these dogs, but asked the breeders to develop a breed in a smaller size, since she preferred small dogs. Over time, the breed was developed down to its current size. The Pomeranian that we know today was not in existence until the 19th century. Because of their natural showmanship, this breed became a favorite among those who like to show dogs and among the circus. Pomeranians are talented at agility and many types of tricks. The Pomeranian was registered with the AKC in 1887.

General Appearance
The Pomeranian is a tiny, fluffy dog with a wedge-shaped head and pointed erect ears. Some have faces that breeders liken to a fox; others have baby-doll or "pansy" faces. All have bright, dark, almond-shaped eyes with an intelligent expression. The nose is either dark or the color of its coat. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. Poms also boast a distinctive feathered tail that fans forward over the back. There is an abundant ruff around the neck and chest area. The profuse stand-off double coat usually comes in solid colors.


The Pomeranian is a small dog with an outgoing personality and plenty of character. These dogs are alert, energetic, and have lots of spirit. The Pomeranian is an intelligent dog and a quick learner, which makes training easy. The Pomeranian is a loving and affectionate breed, who thrives on the companionship and affections of his owners. He is well suited to those with little or no experience of dog ownership, as well as the more experienced. It is important to be confident and assertive with these dogs, as some can be bossy and a little big headed. However, they are also very amiable and friendly, making them ideal family pets. The Pomeranian will bark to raise the alarm if anything is amiss, and this makes him effective as a watchdog. He is a little on the small size to really have any impact as a guard dog, although his size may not deter him from giving chase to larger animals if necessary. Bright and inquisitive, the Pomeranian enjoys playing with other animals. Their inquisitive streak means that they should have a safe, fenced area in which to play so that they do not escape. The Pomeranian's reaction to strangers can vary depending on the personality of the dog. When it comes to children these dogs should not be considered for a home with younger, boisterous kids. He is a fragile and dainty creature, and should be around only gentle, older children for his own safety. Entertaining, plucky, and fun to be around, the Pomeranian can make a great pet for families with older children, as well as a great companion dog for those looking for a loving and very cute friend. These are dogs that enjoy being pampered as much as they love to play.


The Pomeranian requires a fair amount of grooming. They are constant shedders and their long coats must be brushed frequently to keep them from getting tangled and matted. In addition, regular brushing helps prevent dandruff, which can be a problem with Pomeranians, and leads to itchy skin. When you need to shampoo your Pomeranian, dry shampoo works best, as regular shampoos can cause the dog to lose the natural oils in his coat.

Health Problems and Life Expectancy
There are a number of health problems that are associated with this breed, and this includes: cataracts, PRA, low blood sugar, entropion, luxating patella, PDA, collapsing trachea, and allergies. The life expectancy of these dogs is around 12-16 years.

Activity Level

Pomeranians need a moderate amount of exercise, but can get what they need from running around in the house. They also love to walk, and can get sufficient exercise by just going on a daily walk with their owner. Though they are small, they can go on long walks without becoming overly tired. You'll find that this breed is energetic, but at the same time does not need a significant amount of exercise.


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