AKC Dog Breeds: Black and Tan Coonhound

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Hound Group
Height: 23-27 inches   Weight: 50-75  pounds  Color:  black & tan

The Black and Tan Coonhound is an American breed and is a dog of substantial size and bred from strains of the Bloodhound and black and tan Foxhound brought to this country by English settlers. They were bred to have the scenting abilities of the Bloodhound but the ability to travel at at faster pace and they were also suited to night hunting. They are also built for endurance and are able to travel across rugged, mountainous regions. In fact, the breed was developed by the people who lived in the Appalachian, Blue Ridge, Ozark and Smoky mountains. The Black and Tan Coonhound is first and fundamentally a working dog, a trail and tree hound, capable of withstanding the rigors of winter, the heat of summer, and the difficult terrain over which he is called upon to work. Used principally for trailing and treeing raccoon, the Black and Tan Coonhound runs his game entirely by scent. The characteristics and courage of the Coonhound also make him proficient on the hunt for deer, bear, mountain lion and other big game. The Black and Tan Coonhound was selectively bred for their color.

General Appearance
The Black and Tan Coonhound is a large, powerful working hound. It is very well-proportioned, with a finely modeled head. The upper plane of the skull is approximately parallel to the upper plane of the muzzle. It has well developed pendent lips and wide black nostrils. The long pendent ears fall in graceful folds and it has a strong tail that is carried freely. The moderate stop is located midway between the occiput and the nose. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The rounded eyes are hazel to dark brown. The length of the body from wither to rump is the same as or a bit longer than the height at the withers. The topline is fairly level. The chest should reach at least down to the elbows. The coat of the Black and Tan Coonhound is short, sleek, and dense. The color of the coat, as the name implies, is black with tan markings on the muzzle, chest, and legs. Puppies are born solid black. The tan markings develop when the puppies are a few weeks old. This breed is a continuous shedder. The graceful droop of loosely fitting skin and extensive ear leather give the Black and Tan a distinctive quality. It can cover a lot of ground with his long rhythmic strides.

This breed is highly intelligent, loyal, obedient, and quite adept at problem solving. The Black and Tan Coonhound is extremely alert, eager, and dedicated to their work. They are outgoing, good-natured, and friendly. They do best in a home with older considerate children. This breed typically gets along well with other dogs but is not recommended for a home with cats or other small household pets. They have a tendency to howl excessively if left alone for extended periods of time. This breed is reserved with strangers but is not generally aggressive. As any other hound, scent is what makes this animal move. In order to get the best that this breed has to offer, it is important for this dog to be around other hounds, preferable older and experienced dogs. Being of great disposition, the Coonhound is a dog very safe to have around. An aggressive behavior is not a normal characteristic for this breed. It is mostly tolerant, independent, gentle, stubborn and sensitive. Being very sociable, it enjoys the company of other dogs and humans.


The Black and Tan Coonhound requires weekly brushing to minimize loose hair. Bathing or dry shampooing should be done when necessary. The long ears must be checked and cleaned on a regular basis to prevent infection. Black and Tan Coonhounds have a tendency to drool so regular wiping of the face is recommended

Health Problems and Life Expectancy
They may be prone to such health issues as hip dysplasia, ear cankers, PRA, and Hemophilia B. The life expectancy of the Black and Tan Coonhound is around 10-12 years.

Activity Level
An energetic and boisterous breed, the Black and Tan Coonhound needs daily vigorous exercise and stimulation. They enjoy securely leashed walks and make excellent jogging and hiking companions. This breed is not recommended for apartment or city dwelling. They do best in a secluded rural setting where they can safely romp and roam freely or in a home with a large securely fenced yard.

Activity Level

This breed is able to fulfill their exercise needs by adapting themselves to family activities. However, this is not a breed for a sedentary lifestyle. They enjoy daily walks and play sessions. They are well suited to apartment living provided appropriate exercise is given. The Bichon Frise loves to run and play in a securely fenced yard.


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black and tan coonhound profile on dog encyclopedia
black and tan coonhound is a great hunting dog