AKC Dog Breeds: American Eskimo Dog

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Non Sporting Group
Height: 9-19 inches   Weight: 6-35 pounds  Color: white, cream

The American Eskimo Dog originates from the USA and is a member of the Spitz group. They are thought to have originated from German Spitz dogs that came over to the United States from Germany with immigrants in the 1600s. Once known as the American Spitz, these dogs received their current name in 1917. The breed was first registered with the AKC in 1995.

General Appearance
The American Eskimo is a beautiful, snowy white Spitz-type dog. It looks like a miniature Samoyed. The American Eskimo Dog comes in three sizes, and this includes the toy American Eskimo Dog, the miniature American Eskimo Dog, and the standard American Eskimo Dog. The toy is around 9-12 inches in height, and weighs in at around 6-10 pounds. The miniature version is around 12-15 inches in height, and weighs around 10-20 pounds, and the standard is around 15-19 inches in height, and weighs in at around 25-35 pounds. The coloring of all American Eskimo Dogs is white or biscuit cream, and the coat is straight and harsh with a dense, softer undercoat. Some have blue eyes, and these also tend to have a tendency for deafness.


The American Eskimo is a charming, affectionate and loving dog. Hardy and playful, they are excellent with children. Highly intelligent and willing to please. The American Eskimo is known for being a very good companion dog. It is beloved for its intelligence, alertness and spunk. The breed is considered very active and quite loving. They are compact, but built with balance and agility. They are considered quite spirited, but are thought to be very good all-around pets for apartments as well as homes as long as they are properly exercised. They are quite capable and willing to defend and guard their family when it's called for. They are generally very good companion dogs for individuals or even full families.


The American Eskimo is renowned for its rather thick snow-white or cream-colored coat. It is easy to groom, but grooming must be kept up with for this to be so. The Eskie needs to be fully groomed at least twice a week to maintain its appearance and keep its coat free from mats. When it is shedding, a daily brushing is in order. The breed is considered "average" on the shedding scale. It is considered wise to fully comb out or brush an Eskie's coat a minimum of two times a week. Doing this will keep its coat looking beautiful. A coat like the American Eskimo has can easily become tangled and matted if a proper brushing routine isn't established and maintained. Bathe Eskies on an as-needed basis. It is not necessary to bathe these dogs on a regular basis. Wait for them to feel or look like they need it to avoid drying out their skin.

Health Problems and Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of the American Eskimo Dog is around 13-15 years. There are a number of health problems associated with the breed, and this includes seizures, luxating patella, diabetes, and epilepsy. Make sure that the parents of your puppy have OFA and CERF certification. Also look out for deafness in those American Eskimo Dogs with blue eyes.

Activity Level

American Eskimos are chockfull of energy inside and out. They are known for being extremely active dogs and must get adequate exercise on a daily basis. If they are not properly exercised and entertained, this breed is known for being a bit noisy and destructive. Tiring them out with a good exercise routine can help prevent chewed furniture, shoes and so on. It can also help prevent neighbors from complaining about excessive barking. A perfect workout for an Eskie involves at the very least a good, long daily walk. At least 20 to 45 minutes on the leash is not a bad idea each day. This can be broken up into two daily walks to keep energy level under control. If walks are not possible, Eskies can tire themselves out playing in an enclosed back yard. Find a favorite toy, such as a ball, and an owner will get to see just how much energy even the smallest Eskie has.


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american eskimo dog on dog encyclopedia
american eskimo dog on dog encyclopedia